INSuRE Simulation Campaign

Pisa, Italy - 12th - 16th January, 2015 - The integration into non-segregated ATM (INSuRE) project has successfully completed a simulation campaign in Pisa, demonstrating the feasibility of safely integrating remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) into civil airspace. The INSuRE Project is one of nine Integrated RPAS Demonstration Projects that are co-financed by the SESAR Joint Undertaking (SESAR JU) - the public-private partnership that coordinates the research and innovation activities of the SESAR (Single European Sky ATM Research) programme.

On the first day of the campaign, the project held dedicated simulator training sessions, before the exercises got underway. On the last day, a dissemination event took place, bringing together representatives from ENAV who were given the opportunity of observing two exercise runs. The simulation campaign team was composed of two air traffic controllers from ANS CR (Air Navigation Services of the Czech Republic), one light aircraft pilot from Ingegneria Dei Sistemi S.p.A. (IDS), two RPAS pilots - one from SD (Sistemi Dinamici S.p.A.) and one from IDS - two pseudo-pilots, platform experts and the INSuRE project team supporting the simulation evaluation.

The aim of the validation campaign was to assess the actual impact of the introduction of RPAS in the ATM, specifically for the Brno aerodrome (LKTB) scenario in the Czech Republic. The whole set of exercises planned in the validation plan was successfully performed to validate the relevant concept and operations:

  • Exercise 1 – RPAS mission in a defined area
  • Exercise 2 – Departure from LKTB - RPAS and manned light aircraft
  • Exercise 3 – Detect & Avoid - RPAS and manned light aircraft
  • Exercise 4 – Two RPAS in controlled airspace

Each exercise involved a certain number of runs to cover different features in the same scenario. The focus was mainly on a subset of runs which are then to be replicated in the flight trial of the subsequent INSuRE flight campaign.

The high level objectives of the simulation exercises were:

  • Evaluation of the interaction and co-operation between the RPAS pilot and two air traffic controllers for the integration of RPAS in a non-segregated area;
  • Evaluation of a safe integration of RPAS with other manned traffic both during ground and airborne maneuvering;
  • Evaluation of the safety level of the “Detect & Avoid” system and of the RPAS behavior when a conflict situation arises;
  • Evaluation of the adaptation implemented on the Detect & Avoid subsystem for the RPAS simulator to receive ADS-B data as an input;
  • Validation, through real-time simulation, of a complex scenario of RPAS integration in civil traffic (including also more than one RPAS and additional manned aircraft traffic).

All simulated exercises, performed in preparation for the flight campaign, were successfully executed from human performance, safety and predictability points of view. A high level of situational awareness shown by controllers was recorded during the whole execution of this campaign. The workload of air traffic controllers was in general low in the exercises due to limited traffic planned in the scenarios. The situational awareness of RPAS pilots during the relevant set of simulation exercises was considered very good and pilot workload was limited.

Tower Simulator

1 - Tower Simulator


RPAS Ground Stations

2 – RPAS Ground Stations


ATCOs De-briefing Session

3 – ATCOs De-briefing Session